about Cervical Cancer
about HPV Vaccine
1.What is Cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in the world. In 2005, new cases of cervical cancer exceed over 5 million and nearly 260,000 women die of this cancer. In Hong Kong, cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women for 450 new cases in 2005, the number of deaths is about 150 people each year.
2.The symptoms of cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer may have no symptoms, some cases are only found in routinecheck-up.
The early symptoms are mainly:
1) back pain, leg edema, urinary or bowel problems, etc.
2) During clinical examination, the doctor will find the patient's groin or neck lymph nodes swollen
3) both the vagina and rectum appear abnormal passage
3.Cervical cancer causes?
Cervical cancer is not a genetic disease. 99.7% of cervical cancer in the world is related to HPV (human papilloma virus), which is the main cause of this cancer. Persistent infection with oncogenic types of HPV can lead to cervical cancer. For instance, HPV types 16 and 18 account above 70% of the cause of cervical cancer.
4. Who is likely to infect cervical cancer?
HPV infection is very common. Any women who have sexual life have the opportunity to come into contact one type of cervical HPV.
Other high-risk factors:
5.Are there ways to prevent cervical cancer?
HPV vaccine injections plus regular cervical cancer test is the most effective way to prevent cervical cancer.
1.Is cervical cancer caused by genetic? Are there ways to avoid it?
2.When should I inject the HPV vaccine?
It is the best time to inject HPV vaccine before HPV infection become possible because HPV infection is mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse. Hence, it is preferable to inject it before sexual contact.
3.Will HPV Vaccine affect the development and menstruation of girl after vaccination?
Antibody level is higher if get vaccinated earlier. It is preferable no sex before vaccination. The best inoculation time is at the age of 10 to 14.
Vaccine will not affect the development and menstruation and it is also tested through large-scale clinical trials.
5. Will people not infected HPV if they have regular partners, do not have sexual promiscuity and use a condom every time?
6. Is it enough to prevent cervical cancer only by having regular Pap smears test?
It is not recommended for pregnant women to accept cervical cancer vaccination. If women unwanted pregnancy after injection, the injection should be stopped and regular check on pregnant women and fetal safety is needed. Then continue vaccination after pregnancy.
Manufacturer is conducting follow-up studies for more information and examine whether booster is needed.
Common side effects are tenderness around the position of injection, redness and swelling or fever, etc. They are usually minor and transient.
It is safe. Cervical Cancer Vaccine have been tested through many women worldwide under clinical research, and by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, there is no record of any serious side effects. More common effect is the injection site produces pain, redness and pain.- TOP -
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